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NAMO NARAYANA

 
INDEX TABLE
 
Samarpanam
 
About this site
 
Foreword
 
Customs of the
Tirupati Temple
 
Sri Padmavati Thirukalyanam
 
Brahmotsavam
 
Devotees of
Sri Venkateswara
 
Alvar Pasurams
 
Suprabatham
 
Stotram
 
Prapatthi
 
Mangalam
 
Daya Shatakam
 
Annamacharya Krithis (poems)
 
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sri:
srimate ramanujaya namah:
sri padmavati sametha sri srinivasa parabrahmane namah:
 
AchAryAL's Tributes & Connections to Sri VenkatEsA
 
 

AchArya RaamAnuja

This great AchAryA followed the foot steps of his predecessors like
Nathamuni, Aalavandhar and climbed these holy hills and delivered at
the sannidhi of Lord SrinivAsan a discourse on VedAs and Upanishads
to establish the essence of VisishtAdvaitham . Lord VenkatEsA was very
pleased with this exposition of Raamanuja and said " This indeed is the
meaning of the Vedas , My words". This divine discourse approved by the
Lord of the Seven Hills came to be known as the first of the nine Sri Sookthis (Blessed compositions ) of Acharya Ramanauja and is revered today as
VedArtha Sangraham .
 
The gigantic tree of Sri BhAshyam ,the magnum opus of RaamAnujA grew
out of this seedling blessed by Lord SrinivAan Himself .The foundational
principle of VisishtAdvaitham , the Sarira-Sariri relation , was thus established
by Bhagavath RaamAnujA here at Thirumalai in front of the Lord, who was
given the name of "SrinivAsan " by AchArya Ramanujan himself.
 
Earlier , AchArya RaamAnujA established the true identity of the Lord of
seven hills as that of Sriman NaarAyaNan through the Lord's own acceptance of Sankha-Chakrams as His divine weapons . Thirumalai Nambi aka Srisaila PoorNar (973-1073 A.D) was very pleased with his nephew RaamAnujA's
intercession with the Lord of Thirumalai to reveal His true form . RaamAnujA stayed at his uncle's house for a few months and learnt about the intricate meanings of important passages in RaamAyaNA and PurANAs from him . A host of other AchAryas followed the foot steps of Bhagaavth RaamAnujA like Swamy Desikan , Swamy MaNavALa Maamunigal down to present day AchAryAs . One of the principal disciples of Swamy MaNavALa
MaamunigaL blessed us with the Sri VenkatEsa SuprabhAdham , SthOthram , Prapatthi and MangaLam, which is recited every day in front of the Lord
at Thirumalai.
 
NadAthUr AmmAL 's links to Thirumalai

NadathUr ammaaL was the nephew of AchArya RaamAnujA . He is the one , who blessed the five year old VenkatanAthan (Swami Desikan) to succeed in paramatha kaNDanam , the strengthening of the fortress of VisishtAdvaitha VedAntham and growing Bhagavath RaamAnuja SiddhAntham further.
At one time , NadAthUr ammAl went on a pilgrimage to Thirumalai. He was
near ThirucchAnUr and the hot rays of the noon sun was bearing down on
him. AmmAL rested on the pial of a house and was hungry . At that time ,
a Sri VaishNavar appeared and presented dhadhyannam in a golden vessel
and mentioned that it was SrinivAsa's Niyamanam .Once AmmAL and his sishyAls partook the prasAdham , the Sri VaishNavar and the golden vessel disappeared . Sri NadathUr ammaaL recognized it was the Lord of the seven hills that gave him and his sishyALs His PrasAdham .Meanwhile , the sannadhi servants noticed the missing golden vessel and were wondering as to what had happened. The Lord explained to them that He personally took it to serve AmmAL and had showed where that vessel was.The Lord also commanded His sannadhi parichArakAs to bring AmmAL with all honors (maryAdhais) from ThriucchAnUr to His presence . NadaathUr ammAl arrived in front of the Lord and performed MangaLAsAsanam to bhis heart's content and returned thereafter to his native Kaanchi . Such is the relationship of Lord SrinivAsan to His AchAryALs.
 
Swamy NigamAntha MahA Desikan

Swamy Desikan was an incarnation of the divine bell of ThiruvenkatamudayAn . His magnum opus among sthOthrams is dayA sathakam , where he eulogizes the most important KalyANa guNam of Lord VenkatEsA , DayA , as one of His Five Devis . Swami Desikan's contribution for the growth of VisishtAdvaitham as the amsam of the Lord of seven hills is legendary . His genius in intrepreting Bhagavath RaamAnuja darsanam led to the creation of many Sri Sookthis . He saved for us the master work of Sudarsana Suri , Srutha prakAsikai , the commentary on Sri Bhaashyam of AchArya RaamAnujA by NadAthUr ammAl .
The master mind of Swamy Desikan summarized for us the gist of the teachings of the 16 paadhAs of the four AdhyAyAs of Brahma Soothram as intrepreted by AchArya RaamAnuja in verse number 19 in the SaasthrAvathArA , AdhikaraNasArAvaLi this way (translation of the original sanskrit SlOkam by Sri K. Bhaashyam) :
 
Here the Lord (Srinivasa NaarAyaNan) is seen in the following 16 ways :
 
(1) He is the Creator

(2) He is the possessor of the World as His Body

(3) He is self-supporter ( does not seek other support )

(4) He is shining splendid with measureless glories

(5) He can not be denied

(6) He is the reliable friend for those , who resort to Him (Achyuthan)

(7) He is the author of the birth of AkAsA et al and the Jeevans

(8) He is the author of the senses and PrANA

(9) He is the controller of the movement of SamsArA

(10) He is the most beautiful, blemishless and is full of anantha KalyANa GuNams

(11) He is the object of various devotions

(12) He is pleased by the performance of one's appointed duty

(13) He is the destroyer of all sins (Venkatam)

(14) He leads the Muktha Jeevans through Brahma Naadi

(15) He leads the muktha jeevan through the ArchirAdi maargam
thereafter with His AadhivAhAs

(16) He is the one who grants the boon of Saayujyam for the Muktha Jeevan .
Such is the synthetic and analytical genius of this AchAryan , who is an important
amsam of Lord SrinivAsan of Thirumalai .
 
Adhi VaNN SatakOpa Jeeyar , the Founder of AhObila Matam
 
Another great AchArya , Adhi VaNN SatakOpa Jeeyarwas the founding Jeeyar of Ahobila Matam . He had received sanyAsam directly from the hands
of BhagavAn NarasimhA at AhObilam . When this Jeeyar visited Thiruppathi , Lord SrinivAsA appeared in his dream and commanded the Jeeyar to build steps for pilgrims to climb Thiruppathi hills to reach His sannidhi without difficulty . Adhi VaNN SatakOpa Jeeyar obeyed the Lord's command and built the steps for easy climbing and also mantapams in between for the pilgrims to rest during their climb up the hill .These steps are present even today and devotees of Lord SrinivAsan climb them to reach the Lord's sannidhi. The ties between Lord SrinivAsan and the AchArya paramparais are deep and profound .
 
Brahma Tantra Svathantra Swamy and Thirumalai

One of the principal sishyars of Swamy Desikan was brahma tanthra Svathantrar, the First Jeeyar of Parakala Matam of Mysore . He was very close to Svamy NainAraachaar , the blessed son of Swamy Desikan. Both of them grew the sampradhAyam together. Brahma Tanthra Swamy's principal Sishyar is KatikAsatham AmmAl of Kaanchipuram , the grandson of the famous
NadAthUr AmmAL. KatikAsatham AmmAL's principal sishyar was Adhi VaNN SatakOpa Jeeyar , the founder of Ahobila Matam . When Both Brahma Tanthra Svathantra Swamy and Swamy NainArAcchAr were visiting Thirumalai, Lord SrinivAsan appeared in the dream of Brahma Tanthra Svathatrar and
told him :" Thirumalai Jeeyar , who was serving us as SrikAryam Swamy has ascended parama padham . I would like you therefore to accept our SrikAryam Kaimkaryam and stay here engaged in siddhAntha Pravachanam ".
At thre same time , ThiruvEnkatamudayAN appeared in the dreams of His Koil adhikArIs and told them:

" We have commanded Brahma Tanthra Swamy visiting Thirumalai as My SrikAryam Swamy. From here on follow his direction as My command and give him the keys and the seal for My sannidhi ".
 
At the break of dawn , Brahma Tanthra Swamy (Jeeyar) shared this dream with Swamy NainirAchAryAr , while the Koil adhikAris were knocking on his door to tell him about the Lord's command to them . With the blessings of Swamy NainArAchAr , Jeeyar went to the Sannidhi of the Lord after performing GuruparamparA praNAmams at the Bhali peetam.He accepted the SrikAryam Kaimkaryam through archaka mukham and conducted the daily duties
of the Sannidhi with alacrity and efficiency . The Jeeyar built a matam at Thirumalai and had prathishtai of the Vigraham of Swamy Desikan there.
 
PrathivAdhi Bhayankaram ANNA and Thirumalai

At the request of his revered Acharyan, Swamy MaNavALa Maamuni , Sri ANNA composed the four Sri Sookthis ( SuprabhAtham , SthOthram, Prapatthi and MangaLam ) for ThiruvEnakatamudayAn. Swamy MaNavALa Maamuni , who was very much involved with Kaimkaryam for Lord SrinivAsan established the daily recitation of these moving Sri Sookthis in front of ThriuvEnkatamudayAn. It is intersting to know how Sri ANNA got the title of PrathivAthi Bhayankaram as a prefix to his name. Sri ANNA was a sishyar of NainirAchAryAr for some time . At Kaanchi, once an arrogant sanyAsi challenged Swamy NainArAchArya for a debate and laid the condition that latter can not do any siddhAntha pravachanam unless he ( the sanyAsi) was defeated in the debate. Swamy NainArchAryAr called his disciple , Sri ANNA and sprinkled his head with the water sanctified through incorporation of HayagrIva manthram and asked ANNA to represent him in the debate with the sanyAsi.

Sri ANNA decisively defeated the SanyAsi in the ensuing debate and returned to Swamy NainirAchAryA's sannidhi. Swamy was so pleased with his sishyan's performance and he hailed him " PrahtivAdhi Bhayankaram ANNAnE!
please come near " .From then on Sri ANNA , one of the eight principal disciples of Swamy MaNavALa MaamunigaL was called PrathivAdhi Bhayankaram ANNA. One of the slOkas associated with PrathivAdhi Bhayankaram ANNA recognizes his sambhandham with Swamy Desikan's paramparai as well through these lines:
 
" VedAntha Desika KatAksha Vibrudhi Bodham,
bhakthyA bhajAmi ParavAdhi Bhayankaram ".
 
During his visits to Thirumalai , PrathivAdhi Bhayankaram ANNA used to admire the intensity of the devotion of Sri AnanthAzhwAn and his Nandavana (Pushpa) Kaimkaryam and other kaimkaryams for the Lord .Our AchArya Paramparai's involvement with ThriuvEnkatamudayAn's kaimkaryams defy summary through this brief description .
 
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